The largest part of the state Amazonas is covered with a large rainforest. Large roads are being built here within the last few years. Because of this, and because of the reckless chopping down of trees, this area is in the news often. The vastness of natural resources like pewter, iron, copper, gold, silver, lead, oil and natural gas make these large roads for transportation to the sea necessarry. The Amazon rainforest is the largest oxygen supplier on our planet. It's measure of seven million square kilometers, make it the largest forest on Earth. It harbours some ten thousand different sorts of wood. Two thousand species of birds and nearly three hundred different kinds of mammals inhabit this huge forest. Ever continuing deforestation could have major consequenses for the rest of the world. But it's not only trees that are disappearing. It's also the Indians who live here, who's existance is being threated. Because they are coming in close contact with "civilization" like road builders and golddiggers, outbreaks of new diseases roam through the Indian clans and causes many to die. Fights amongst the Indians themselves are also a cause of many deaths annually.
The state Amazonas is named after the river Amazonas. The length of this river from it's origin in the Andes mountains to the Atlantic Ocean is 6.400 kilometers. It's in Manaus, the capitol of the Amazones, where the river gets it's name "Rio Amazonas". This is at the juncture point of three main rivers. In the past, starting in 1770, the Amazone area was the largest supplier of rubber on Earth. Due to competition and the invention of synthetic materials the revenu of the rubber industry dropped drastically.